Rainforest Plants In South America

Rainforest Plants In South America – For World Rainforest Day, will you join our community of monthly donors committed to protecting South America’s rainforests throughout the year?

Over the course of a year, you’ll be taking care of 12 acres, the size of 6 professional football fields!

Rainforest Plants In South America

Rainforest Plants In South America

Rainforests are ecosystems that experience a large amount of annual rainfall. They support an incredible number of plants, animals and other life forms. Although they are found in different parts of the planet, tropical forests are found in and around the equator, where sunlight is constant throughout the year.

View Of Jungle In Rain Forest Of Ecuador, South America Stock Photo

Nature and Culture International has projects and protected areas in rainforest ecosystems in many types of rainforest in South America. Our work takes place in the lowland rainforest of the Amazon, the cloud forests of the Andes, and the Choco forest of coastal Colombia and northern Ecuador.

Rainforest Plants In South America

The extraordinary cloud forests of the Andes are a type of tropical forest at mid-altitude. As the moist air inhaled by the billions of trees in the Amazon lowlands moves westward and up the Andes mountain slopes, some of it condenses and falls as rain. Some remains in the form of low clouds and fog that condenses directly onto the leaves of cloud forest trees.

Cloud forests range from about 3,000 feet above sea level to about 8,000 feet, so temperatures are generally cooler than in lowland rainforests. The terrain is often steeply sloping, with a more open canopy, resulting in more vegetation on the forest floor.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Amazon Rainforest, Brazil, South America Stock Photo

Trees in cloud forests are usually covered with plants called epiphytes, which trap much of the moisture found in cloud forests. Clouds and fog condense on epiphyte leaves and are at the base of epiphytes (providing habitat for insects and some species of frogs). The trees here are generally shorter than in the lowland rainforest, so the tree canopy in the cloud forest is lower.

Nature and Culture is currently working with local communities and authorities in our Northern Andean mosaic to protect Peru’s highland forests, which are essential to providing water resources for the more than two million people living in the region.

Rainforest Plants In South America

The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest on Earth, with the highest density of plant and animal species anywhere.

Blooming Rainforest In The Amazon, Brazil, South America Stock Photo

This region provides essential ecological services, stabilizes the world’s rainfall patterns, and stores vast amounts of carbon that mitigate climate change.

Rainforest Plants In South America

This lowland rainforest is located east of the Andes mountain range and spans eight South American countries. The Amazon is impressively large, more than twice the size of the next two largest rainforests combined. It is also known for its mighty Amazon River, which consists of 1,100 tributaries, including the Marañon River, which is considered the source of the Amazon in Peru.

The province of Loreto, Peru, faces the second highest rate of deforestation in Peru. Nature and Culture is currently partnering with local communities and local governments through sustainable livelihood projects in our Nanay-Tigre mosaic.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Amazon Rainforest » Nature And Culture International

In a strip of forest in western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador, between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountain range lies the Chocó Forest.

It is a dense and diverse rainforest that mixes with mangroves, rocky cliffs and coastal plains.

Rainforest Plants In South America

It is one of the wettest rainforests in the world and one of the most biologically rich areas in the world. Many species here cannot be found anywhere else on Earth, such as the golden poison dart frog (one of the three most poisonous vertebrates in the world).

Amazon Rainforest Tours

Between two and three percent of this ecosystem remains, making it one of the most endangered and least known forests in the world. With the support of Nature and Culture International, the Bajo Baudó protected area was created in 2018. It is the largest regional protected area ever created in Colombia. We are currently working on our South Chocó mosaic to declare two new protected areas and create sustainable management plans.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Although rainforests cover only 6 percent of our planet, about 80 percent of the world’s species of land animals, plants, and fungi live in them. Many species have not yet been described by science. Rainforests contain a large amount of biodiversity, which has important implications for our health, such as improving mental well-being, preventing zoonotic diseases (diseases transmitted from animals to humans, e.g. West Nile virus, Lyme disease and some types of coronavirus, among many ). others) to enter human populations and provide fresh water, clean air and vital medicines. Indigenous peoples have lived in and managed the rainforests sustainably for centuries, if not millennia. Many local communities depend on the natural resources that rainforests provide, especially clean water.

By destroying rainforests, humans are exacerbating the climate crisis by releasing additional CO2 into the atmosphere. All tropical forests have a large volume of carbon stored in the large amount of vegetation they contain. There is so much carbon in these ecosystems that, if released, cannot be recovered from the global 2050 goal of reaching net zero emissions; this is known as “non-recoverable carbon”.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Flowers In The Amazon Rainforest

And every day it is important to support the conservation of rainforests and raise awareness of the threats they face.

We know we can do better for the Earth. You can help spread awareness and support Nature and Culture’s nature-based solutions by pledging your monthly gift of $10 today. South American forests are home to many species of plants, including most of the world’s bromeliads and many orchids. There are about 40,000 plant species in the Amazon rainforest alone, according to the World Wildlife Fund website. South American forests are the source of many of the world’s cultivated tropical species, such as anthurium and monstera or Swiss cheese. Many South American plants can be grown as houseplants or even outdoors in frost-free zones.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Monstera or Swiss cheese ( Monstera deliciosa ) is a tropical forest liana that has large leaves with deep grooves and oblong holes. People usually grow it as a houseplant or frost-free garden plant. With room to climb, monstera vines can grow up to 70 feet, but are usually small when grown. The flower is straight and white, and the fruit is aromatic and edible.

Strangest Plants Only Found In The Rainforest

Bromeliads are a large family of plants. Many of them grow as epiphytes on the trunks and branches of tropical forest trees. Because their roots are used for grasping, most bromeliads absorb water and nutrients directly through their leaves. Bromeliads can be grown as houseplants or outdoors in frost-free zones. They produce spikes of long-lasting colorful flowers.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is the only bromeliad plant that produces an edible fruit. It develops a rosette of long, stiff leaves up to six feet tall with serrated edges. The fruit grows from the center of the rosette up to 24 months after planting. Pineapple plants can be propagated from cuttings or by foliar spray planting on a ripe pineapple fruit.

Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica) is a tropical climber. It can be grown as a climbing plant or as a stand-alone shrub. Produces large, yellow, tube-shaped flowers in summer. Allamanda grows quickly but is not very hardy and benefits from pinching the growing tips to encourage branching. All parts of the allamanda plant are poisonous.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Vines And Lianas

There are about 800 species of anthurium, or tail flower, native to the tropical forests of South and Central America and many hybrids in cultivation. Some species grow on the trunks and branches of trees, and others on the forest floor. Anthuriums are grown for their large heart-shaped leaves and colorful flowers. Long-lasting anthurium flowers can be white, pink or red and have a broad, distinctive spathe and a long, narrow spadix. They are damaged by temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius and grow well in shade.

The acai palm (Euterpe oleracea) grows up to 60 feet tall and grows along riverbanks in the rainforests of South America. It produces clusters of purple fruit about an inch in diameter with a layer of plump fruit surrounding a large stone. Fruits form an important part of the diet of forest dwellers and are collected and exported in frozen or freeze-dried form due to their high concentrations of antioxidants. Estimated to have about 40,000 species of plants, including 16,000 species of native trees, with new ones still being discovered regularly, the Amazon rainforest is a vast expanse of vegetation and accounts for about 20% of the world’s total distribution of natural forests.

Rainforest Plants In South America

Studies show that one square kilometer of the vast Amazon rainforest can contain more than 90,000 tons of living plants, including some of the most interesting and unique plant species found anywhere on earth. Here is a list of 10 really cool plants found in the Amazon rainforest.

What Plants Are In The Amazon Rainforest?

This beautiful Amazonian flora is known as a hanging lobster claw. This flower is bright in color and varies in shape. Known for their characteristic long frame, heliconia plants range from 0.5 to nearly 4.5 meters (1.5-15 ft) tall depending on the species, and their leaves range in size from 15 to 300 cm (6 to 10 ft ). They need warm and humid conditions to grow, which is why they are prominent in tropical regions of the world. Hummingbirds depend on Heliconia plants for food and nesting, and are also the primary pollinators of

Rainforest Plants In South America

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