Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest – The biodiversity of the Indonesian rainforests is among the highest on the planet: orangutans, tigers, elephants and rhinos call it home. Home is a very risky place these days. All these mammals and many other species are listed as critically endangered, mainly due to habitat destruction by deforestation.

Mining these rich biospheres for pulp, paper and clothing and replacing them with plantations of acacia trees and palm oil is short-sighted – the equivalent of the forest in paradise paving a parking lot.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

There are fears that the already stressed Sumatran elephant population could disappear from the Bukit Tigapuluh forest landscape due to a new plantation approved by the government recently. Of the approximately 500 remaining Sumatran tigers, it is estimated that at least 20% live on unprotected land and are at high risk of logging.

Trees In Tropical Rainforest Jungle In Bukit Lawang, North Sumatra, Indonesia Stock Image

Life is no better for orangutans. A 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species report lists 7,300 Sumatran orangutans in the wild. That number has since dropped to a conservative estimate of 6,600, and Sumatran orangutans are predicted to be the first great ape species to go extinct.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Often growing on peat domes 10-20 meters deep, Indonesia’s rainforests are incredible carbon sinks. It is estimated that Indonesia’s peatlands and rainforests store at least 70 billion tons of carbon.

Indonesia is deforesting at an alarming rate – 40% of its forests have disappeared in the last 50 years. Ninety-five percent of Indonesia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions come from deforestation (37%), peat degradation (27%), and other land use activities (21%) (National Climate Change Council, 2010). Deforestation and deforestation have made this largely rural country the third largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world, behind China and the United States.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

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Indonesia’s rainforests are unique in their ability to store carbon. Besides the trees, the peat they grow in is a carbon sponge. When drained to support fast-growing palm trees and other plantations, peat decomposes rapidly and releases its stored carbon into the atmosphere.

The Forest Stewardship Council considers forests growing in peat deeper than 25 centimeters to have high conservation value. In Indonesia, rainforests often grow in peat more than ten meters deep. That is deep peat! Some of the deepest anywhere, in fact.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

The British government commissioned the Stern report on the economics of climate change which found that “limiting deforestation is a very cost-effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions”. This is especially true in Indonesian forests when you consider its peat.

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Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

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Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

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Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Technical storage or access is required to create user profiles for the purpose of sending advertisements or tracking the user through a website or multiple websites for similar marketing purposes. Indonesia’s landscape is dotted with vast, dense tropical forests that undulate from mountaintops to deep valleys and are home to some of the world’s most abundant plants and diverse endemic wildlife species. These national parks have been designated as protected national parks, and the largest of the archipelago covers Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan), Sulawesi and Papua. These are also important because they are also home to human settlements and now more endangered or almost extinct wild animals.

Green Tropical Jungle, Rainforest In Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Stock Photo

An amazing number of Indonesia’s national parks are open to allow visitors to get up close to these unique animals in their own habitat. To help you out of the woods, here’s a short list to get you started:

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Welcome to the jungle!, Tanjung Puting is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Kalimantan. It’s like a fictional Jungle Book adventure come to life. Here you can imagine an explorer going on a boat in the depths of the tropical forests and meeting wild orangutans and other exotic animals. Located in the province of Central Kalimantan, the area was originally declared a game reserve in 1935 and became a national park in 1982. Here, the orangutans are the main reason why tourists and nature lovers come to this park, which made famous in the careful and painstaking work done in the program of research and conservation of Orangutan at Camp Leaky Research Station.

Tangkoko Nature Reserve in North Sulawesi is home to some of the most unique and rare animals and plants in the world. The most popular destination in this reserve is Batuputih Park, which is the only place where you can watch beautiful wide-eyed tarsiers in their natural habitat. Macaques are known as the smallest monkey species in the world, even though they are not monkeys at all. This animal is actually a primate no bigger than the hand size of an adult man.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

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Located in Lampung at the southern tip of Sumatra, directly opposite the menacing Krakatau volcano, Way Kambas National Park encompasses no less than 1,300 km2 of land along the Way Kambas River. This park is particularly popular as a reserve for Sumatran elephants, but it is also a sanctuary for a number of rare and endangered species, where the Sumatran tiger is released and is also home to the Sumatran rhinoceros.

Ujung Kulon National Park, located on the southwestern tip of the island of Java and opposite the Krakatau volcano on the Java side, is Indonesia’s first national park. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991, this park is rarely visited despite being the country’s most popular national park. This can be quite positive, as the national park has a very well preserved ecosystem of flora and fauna thanks to rare human intervention. However, there are a number of islands in front of the park, such as Umang Island and others surrounding it, which have become popular ecotourism destinations.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Apart from being home to some of Indonesia’s rare and endangered species, Alas Purwo National Park is more than just a regular nature reserve. Located in the Banyuwangi district of East Java, locals say the park is where the Earth first emerged from the ocean. The name Alas Purwo itself literally means “Ancient Forest or Primeval Forest”. Many seekers of spiritual and mystical enlightenment come here during the month of Suro, which is the Javanese New Year.

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· Dress appropriately. Wear light, breathable clothing that dries quickly. Light colors are preferred; avoid white and red. Even if it’s hot, long sleeves and pants prevent scratches and insect bites. Use insect repellent and tuck your pants into your socks to minimize insect, leecher and mite bites.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

· Bring good binoculars. Without them, the most beautiful birds will seem like a speck of dust from afar.

· Walk slowly, gently and in small groups (no more than 5) so that the animals are not disturbed by your presence. Indonesia has a third of the world’s tropical forests, where people and birds, leopards and rhinos, tigers and gibbons play among the lush canopies – and the latest protections are helping these vital places flourish.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

Jungle River Winding Though Forest On Bali Island, Indonesia 989463 Stock Photo At Vecteezy

Indigenous tribes, orangutans and many others now have a seat at the table under Indonesian President Joko Widodo, elected in 2014.

The Widodo administration’s leadership in land use reform and the reinstatement of the logging moratorium have achieved four consecutive years of declining deforestation.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

This persistent work culminated in 2020, when the country achieved the lowest rate of forest loss since monitoring began, a year-on-year decrease of 75%.

Indonesia Rainforest Stream Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

The country, which is the largest producer of palm oil, has been open for business for years to anyone who wanted to open a plantation.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

But a moratorium on new plantation permits made permanent under Widodo in 2019, coupled with record low prices for the commodity, has slowed its once inexorable progress.

Half of the square kilometers of Indonesia’s 17,500 islands are now covered by forests, peat, swamps or mangroves. These places are home to truly beautiful and iconic animals that depend on the forests for their survival. These include orangutans in Sumatra, Komodo dragons in Komodo, rhinos in Java, starlings in Bali, pygmy buffaloes in Sulawesi and Sunda clouded leopards in Kalimantan.

Is Indonesia A Tropical Rainforest

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