Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Indonesian Rainforest Animals – Most people think of orangutans when they think of Borneo, but Borneo’s rainforests are some of the most biodiverse places in the world. This more than 130-million-year-old rainforest (it’s 70 million years older than the Amazon) has a newly discovered lungless frog, a “ninja” slug that shoots love arrows at the world’s tallest friend, deer bark and even. Pygmy elephants – Borneo is a wonderland of strange and unexpected animals.

222 mammals (including 44 endemic), 420 birds (including 37), 100 amphibians and 394 fish (19 endemic) live in these forests. More than 600 species have been discovered here between 1995 and 2010 – that’s three species every month – and more than 50 of these species are completely new to science.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Orangutan translates to “man of the forest,” which makes sense given the eerily human form of this primate. Like us, orangutans have four fingers, a thumb, and claws. These highly intelligent animals with dark red fur live in the lowlands and are relatively solitary. They build nests in tree trunks to sleep at night and rest during the day, making them the heaviest tree-dwelling animal. They have top notch cheek pads. Indonesian Rainforest Animals

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Sadly, due to habitat loss due to the conversion of forests to oil palm plantations and other agricultural developments, orangutan numbers are very high. Forest fires also destroy huge areas of orangutan habitat. Despite legal protection in Indonesia since 1931, orangutans are still captured and hunted as family status symbols or for food. Females only give birth to one child every eight to nine years, leaving their populations vulnerable to low-level poaching.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Orangutans eat wild fruits like lychees, mangosteens and figs and play an important role in dispersing seeds over a large area. If orangutans disappear, certain tree species will also disappear.

, is a strange little red-brown primate with a long nose (we’re talking up to seven centimeters in males!). In this species, size really does matter. A long nose is better for attracting a potential partner. It also serves to increase the volume of alarm calls. Subsisting mainly on a diet of mangrove plants and insects, the proboscis monkey is a strictly protected animal, and scientists suggest there are only about 1,000 left in the wild.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

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Far from the life of polar bears, sun bears (also known as honey bears) live in the dense lowland forests of Southeast Asia and resemble a small dog. Being a nocturnal and shy species, they are rarely seen in the wild. The sun bear is arboreal, so if you want to see the trees you have to look at the trees. You can distinguish a sun bear from other species by the distinctive horse markings on its chest – no two markings are ever the same! Their tongues are up to 10 inches long and help satiate their voracious appetite for honey.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Sun bears are essential members of their ecosystem because they control pesky termites and help disperse seeds. Unfortunately, their global population has declined by 30% in recent years, making them the second rarest bear species after the giant panda. On our Nat Hab Wilds of Borneo tour, we have the opportunity to enjoy a private visit to the Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Centre. Founded in 2008, the center provides care, rehabilitation and release of orphaned and captive sun bears and raises awareness of the plight of the little-known bear.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

The critically endangered Sunda pangolin is known as the “footed artichoke”. These prehistoric animals existed for 80 million years. This funny little creature is the only mammal covered in protective keratin scales and has a strange tongue longer than its body. In the absence of teeth, these long sticky tongues serve to collect ants and termites. Although we know they eat a diet of ants and insects, not much is still known about these elusive, nocturnal animals with a prehensile tail. We know that when threatened, they curl up into a loose ball to protect their soft underparts.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

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The nocturnal Sambar deer is one of the largest species of deer in the world. An adult male can reach over seven feet in length and weigh over 440 pounds (one report weighed over a thousand pounds!). They are at home in the Bornean rainforest and are the easiest animals to see in Borneo at dusk and at night. They are timid, but when alarmed, their first instinct is to freeze before reacting to predators with noisy barks known as “legs” or “legs”. They have been listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List since 2008.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Sometimes it’s easier to call it by its other name, the “matang narrow-mouthed frog.” It is very rare to see this creature in the wild and this is truly a newly discovered species. About the size of a pea, this is the second smallest frog in the world and loves to live around the pitch plants of Cuba National Park. They were discovered after scientists observed the unique and powerful sounds of males. While they are physically small, their voices are loud and carry great distances.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

These wonderful freaks are very similar to Yoda, with excellent jumping and climbing skills. They are nocturnal and their large yellow eyes help them maneuver through the dark. The size of one of their eyes is equal to the size of their brain, making them the world’s largest-eyed mammal relative to their body size. The forward tilt of their eyes allows tarsiers to accurately judge distance for safe jumps—considering they can jump up to 18 feet. Tarsiers can turn their heads nearly 180° in any direction, meaning they can rotate their heads nearly 360°.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Amazing Red Apes

Although they look cute, tarsiers are the only species of carnivorous primates that use their dexterous hands to aggressively grab their prey. Their insect diet includes beetles, cockroaches, grasshoppers, moths, grasshoppers, butterflies, ants and cicadas. For a feast, they go after birds, bats, frogs and snakes, including poisonous species.

), this nocturnal and solitary creature reaches an average height of just 12 inches, making it the world’s smallest vulture. Moreover, these females can become pregnant two hours after giving birth, and newborn animals can stand up after 30 minutes. They are found on forest floors feeding on leaves, shoots, fruits and sometimes mushrooms.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

With round bodies and toed feet, they look like a stuffed animal – but inside those cute little mouths are some powerful teeth. A male deer beats its hooves furiously when alarmed or to ward off predators and warn other deer. Although they are terrestrial mammals, they can hold their breath for up to four minutes and often jump into the water to escape predators.

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The world’s smallest elephant is among the most beautiful animals in Borneo with their big dumbo ears and long tail. Although they are about 9 meters tall, the Bornean pygmy elephant is still the largest mammal on the island. Due to deforestation and poaching, estimates suggest that only 1,500 to 3,000 remain in the wild, and the friendly and graceful elephants require intensive protection.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

The WWF has determined that Bornean elephants are genetically distinct from other Asian elephants, once believed to be the remains of a domestic herd given to the Sultan of Sulu in the 17th century. DNA evidence proved that these elephants became isolated from their cousins ​​in mainland Asia and Sumatra about 300,000 years ago.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Preferring to live in treetops, this invisible leopard has an excellent ability to climb and hunt small mammals including deer, pigs and monkeys. Due to their nocturnal and secretive nature, it is extremely rare to see a clouded leopard in the wild. It is known as the most beautiful wild cat on earth and is Borneo’s only big cat. Currently listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the best chance to see the clouded leopard is in Deramakot Forest Reserve.

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

Strange & Wonderful Wildlife Of Borneo Rain Forest

Bears are known for their unusual double-decker bills, but it’s worth noting that they have their own ‘language’. They talk to each other in Morse code, similar to the sound of a steam engine. This communication method is how the male hornet sends messages to his mate through the barrier she creates during her time in the nest. The pair build a nest in a tree hollow and after laying the eggs, the male seals the female’s cavity, building a wall with mud and excrement. Only a small hole is left for the male to feed

Indonesian Rainforest Animals

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