Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation – A Varani resident walks through a clearing in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, where a local indigenous community is trying to restore the forest. Diego Herculano/Nurfoto via Getty Images

Their nests were frequent in Iwi Pora, the Guarani Mbya village where Jackupe once grew up and still lives. But now

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

“Bees are very sensitive,” says Jackupe, the leader of the native community. “They are like a thermometer for the forest. If they disappear, you know something is wrong.”

Deforestation In The Tropics

Iwi Pora is one of the six villages that make up the Jaragua Indigenous Territory. It is located 12 miles northwest of downtown São Paulo and is surrounded by the concrete of working-class neighborhoods. But this small forested area is part of a much larger whole – the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, an area covering about 35,000 square miles, running more than 1,800 miles along the Atlantic coast, covering 17 states of Brazil and Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Deforestation of the second largest rainforest in Brazil began in the early 1600s

Century, for coffee, beef, sugar, firewood and coal plantations. Today, developers continue to clear the Atlantic Forest for housing as the population of Sao Paulo – currently home to 12.4 million people – and Rio de Janeiro explodes.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Restoration Turns Pastures Into Wildlife Haven In Brazil’s Atlantic Forest

Indigenous peoples in Brazil are widely seen as protectors of the land, and a new study of the Atlantic Forest confirms this.

As the forest shrinks, so do native bee populations. And without the pollination they provide, the forest – in places like Ivy Pora – has struggled to survive.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Nomadic people often visit other villages in the forest, visit their families and exchange information. During a trip in 2016, the people of Iwi Pora learned that villagers in Espirito Santo state had lost their baby bees and had begun to buy bees, raise them in hives, and reintroduce them to their lands. Guarani Mbya decided to bring the idea back to São Paulo.

A New Bipartisan Plan To Reduce Illegal Deforestation

, restoration and conservation of rainforests in Brazil depends on plant species that depend on bees for pollination. With a particular focus on the Atlantic Forest, the researchers concluded that protecting bee populations should be a priority for forest restoration.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

“There is a difference now,” says Marcio Mendonza Boggarim, head of Ivy Pora and its chief beekeeper. “The bees are thriving and the plants we’ve reintroduced to our land have grown better and more.”

Left: Jurandir Djekupe of the Guarani Mbya tending to a beehive in the village of Iwi Pora in the Atlantic Forest. Right: A uruchu black bee in one of 110 hives at Iwi Pora. Gilles Langlois

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

The Biodiversity Hotspot Of The Atlantic Forest

It became clear that people who live among trees and bees and are closely connected to their land need a helping hand.

Indigenous peoples in Brazil are widely seen as protectors of the land, and a new study of those living in the Atlantic Forest confirms this. The study found that indigenous people not only resisted deforestation, but also began restoration projects in biomes like the Atlantic Forest, including reintroducing native bees and trees and other plants removed by aliens.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

But like many other indigenous groups living in the Atlantic Forest, the Guarani Mbya work under unfavorable conditions. They have no financial support from the federal government, which has not yet been given full ownership of their land outside their community, and most importantly, the 1,315-acre Jaragua Indigenous Territory. And without this official recognition, their efforts to raise money for restoration efforts will be less effective, leaving the Atlantic Forest vulnerable to even greater costs.

The Eu’s Deforestation Law Was Cheered Here. Brazilian Experts And Farmers Are Skeptical

The Southeast Atlantic Forest Reserve, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1999, and other parts of this biome are home to well-known species such as jaguars, sloths, golden lion tamarins and toucans. well-known species such as slender-nosed hedgehogs and bocaina frogs. According to the World Wildlife Fund, one hectare of Atlantic forest can grow 450 species of trees. Of its 20,000 vascular plant species, about 8,000 are endemic, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

About 83 percent of the Amazon Rainforest, which regularly makes headlines for its sprawling forests, only 12 percent of the Atlantic Forest remains. This is a percentage that worries scientists.Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation .

Many experts recommend saving 30 percent of the forest cover to preserve biodiversity, says Raina Benzeev, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California who studies rainforest restoration, focusing on the Atlantic Forest. When forest cover falls below this threshold, flora and fauna are at risk of extinction.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Official Deforestation Data For The Brazilian Amazon Now Available On Global Forest Watch

All over the world, indigenous communities are seen as the best defenders of forests. According to the World Resources Institute, lands under indigenous control in the Amazon suffer from less deforestation than areas outside of indigenous control. therefore, they tend to absorb net carbon rather than net carbon sources. And environmentalists increasingly recognize that forest communities are better stewards of their forests than formally protected national parks.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation.

, Benzeev and colleagues looked at 129 local sites in the Atlantic Forest. There, they found less deforestation or more reforestation by indigenous peoples with formal rights to their land compared to indigenous communities with no formal land rights.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

According to the study, forest cover increased by 0.77 percent each year after land tenure was granted compared to local areas without tenure. This finding highlights the importance of providing formal land rights to local communities in the forest.

Deforestation Of The Atlantic Rainforest In The State Of São Paulo From…

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation. “The Atlantic Forest has also been overlooked from an indigenous perspective,” said Benzeev, who conducted the research while earning a PhD in environmental studies at the University of Colorado, Boulder. “But it’s important to remember how many indigenous peoples and peoples there are in the Atlantic Forest,” where the majority of Brazilians live, many of whom live in large urban centers.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

For the Guarani Mbya, who live in the indigenous territory of Jaragua, land ownership has long been a complex and complicated issue. On paper, the indigenous group has only 4.2 acres of land, enough space for 70 people living in Yutu, one of the six Guarani Mbya villages. The rest of the 700 Guarani Mbya who live in the territory, including those in Iwi Pora, occupy lands that do not yet have formal title. Once land is owned by indigenous peoples in Brazil, the federal government is obligated by law to protect it. If outsiders attempt to encroach and deforest, authorities require them to be removed by law, although these laws are not always enforced, most recently under the administration of Jair Bolsonaro, president from 2019 to 2022.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation.

The Guarani Mbya have been asking for formal title to their lands for decades, but their petition has remained stagnant.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Brazil’s Lula Lays Out Plan To Halt Amazon Deforestation, Make Country

The Guarani Mbya, for decades, have sought formal ownership of the nearly 1,315 acres of land they already occupy; the government considered their request as recently as 2015. Their petition went through most of the necessary steps, but then, like most land tenure petitions in Brazil, it stalled. Now all that is needed is the signature and official registration of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

During his election campaign, Lula, as the president is known, promised to sign land tenure decrees on all 237 proposed indigenous claims, saying it was a “moral obligation, an ethical obligation to humanists, to those who defend indigenous peoples.” people. nations”. His government has since said the occupation of the first 13 indigenous territories will end by the end of this month; The indigenous territory of Jaragua is not included in these territories.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

The Guarani Mbya’s legal battle continues, as does their Atlantic Forest restoration efforts. Some area residents focus on removing invasive species from the forest: Coffee plants are still expanding on their land, displacing native species, and old eucalyptus plantations are also sucking up too much water, causing excessive drying. soil and erosion. The Guarani Mbya replaced these plants with native species such as brazilwood, cloth and.Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation.

The Battle Against Deforestation

They had to buy saplings and saplings, says Jekupe, laughing at a small tree planted near a group of beehives recently. The price tag still hangs from its thin trunk. “Forty-five reales,” he said, handing it over. “Who would have thought that we would pay for trees for our land?”

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation.

Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation

Others work with Iwi Pora’s chief, Boggarim, to learn how to care for the eight species of native bees he brought to the village. Tall wooden boxes, roofed with corrugated iron, rest on stilts among the trees, each with a species-specific opening in front, into which the bees, all inexplicably, squeeze in. it exists.Atlantic Rainforest Deforestation.

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